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Raffaello D’Andrea's speaking fee falls
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Inventor Raffaello D’Andrea has dedicated his life to fulfilling his childhood dream of flying. A Professor of Dynamic Systems and Control at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, he has made some of the world’s greatest advances in robotics.
Using autonomous systems, Raff has built flying robots that can interact with their environment and even work together to accomplish tasks such as constructing walls. He is the founder of Verity Studios, where his leading research team continues to stretch the capabilities of flying machines.
Raff is a co-founder of Kiva Systems (acquired by Amazon in 2012), a robotics company that revolutionized material handling by deploying thousands of autonomous mobile robots in warehouses. His other creations and projects include the Flying Machine Arena, the Distributed Flight Array, the Balancing Cube, Cubli, and RoboEarth. Currently, he is collaborating with engineers on the Actuated Wingsuit, a suit that will allow people to take off and land at will.
Raff is a recipient of the robotics industry’s highest honors, including the 2015 Engelberger Robotics Award and the 2016 IEEE Robotics & Automation Award for outstanding contributions in the field of robotics & automation.
Spanning academics, business and the arts, Raffaello D’Andrea’s career is built on his ability to bridge theory and practice: He is Professor of Dynamic Systems and Control at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, where his research redefines what autonomous systems are capable of. He is the founder of Verity Studios, creator of interactive and autonomous flying machines, and co-founder of Kiva Systems (now operating as Amazon Robotics), a robotics and logistics company that develops and deploys intelligent automated warehouse systems. In addition, he is a new media artist, whose works have been exhibited at the Venice Biennale and are part of the permanent collections of the National Gallery of Canada and France’s FRAC Centre.
If there is a difference between having ideas and knowing which ones are possible, there is an even greater difference between knowing which ideas are possible and knowing how to turn those into physical, working realities. Raff believes that this kind of knowledge comes best through hands-on experience and a deep understanding of the fundamental principles at work.
In retrospect, Raff considers himself lucky to have made it to adulthood. As a child, he was fascinated by science and the physical world and had a penchant for putting himself into his own scientific experiments. He learned about water pressure by jumping into a swimming pool with bricks attached to his legs and a garden hose attached to his mouth; knowledge of aerodynamic stability – or lack thereof – was gained by jumping from a rooftop with a lawn umbrella; he created hydrogen gas by electrolysis, and in the process flooded his basement with chlorine gas; the laws of inductance and Faraday’s law were painfully learned through the use of batteries, transformers, and his mouth as a poor man’s voltmeter; innumerable experiments with fireworks, flammable liquids, gunpowder, and live ammunition resulted in several unplanned haircuts and an appreciation for the incredible amount of energy stored in chemical bonds.
Raff combined his love for science with his need to create by studying Engineering Science at the University of Toronto, where he received the Wilson Medal as the top graduating student in 1991. Then, after cycling from Vancouver to Toronto on a mountain bike, he moved west to begin graduate studies in the area of Systems and Control at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), where he worked on two separate projects: very theoretical research on the optimal design of systems, and very applied research on the use of pulsed air injection to eliminate instabilities in jet engines. After receiving his Ph.D. in 1997, he joined the Cornell faculty as an assistant professor, where he was a founding member of the Systems Engineering program, and where he established robot soccer – a competition featuring fully autonomous robots – as the flagship, multidisciplinary team project. In addition to pioneering the use of semidefinite programming for the design of distributed control systems, he went on to lead the Cornell Robot Soccer Team to four world championships at international RoboCup competitions in Sweden, Australia, Italy, and Japan.
While on leave from Cornell, from 2003 to 2007, he co-founded Kiva Systems, where he led the systems architecture, robot design, robot navigation and coordination, and control algorithms development. Kiva has deployed installations worldwide, with systems consisting of thousands of mobile robots. By the time Amazon acquired Kiva in 2012 for $775 Million, it was a 300-person company with a long customer list that included Walgreens, Staples, and The Gap, with more than 30 warehouses deployed across Europe and North America. Kiva now operates as Amazon Robotics.
After being appointed professor at ETH Zurich in 2007, Raff established a research program that combined his broad interests and cemented his hands-on teaching style. His team engages in cutting-edge research by designing and building creative experimental platforms that allow them to explore the fundamental principles of robotics, control, and automation. His creations include the Flying Machine Arena, where flying robots perform aerial acrobatics, juggle balls, balance poles, and cooperate to build structures; the Distributed Flight Array, a flying platform consisting of multiple autonomous single propeller vehicles that are able to drive, dock with their peers, and fly in a coordinated fashion; The Balancing Cube, a dynamic sculpture that can balance on any of its edges or corners, and its little brother Cubli, a small cube that can jump up, balance, and walk; Blind Juggling Machines that can juggle balls without seeing them, and without catching them. Playful and creative, each of these projects support his team’s natural instincts to be curious, explore and discover. And yet they also serve as real experimental platforms for developing new practical technologies.
With his former students, post-docs, and collaborators, he launched Verity Studios in 2014 and is its founder. Leaders in indoor drone technology, Verity recently created the flying machine design and choreography for Cirque du Soleil’s Paramour on Broadway, Zhang Yimou’s 2047 Apologue, Metallica’s WorldWired tour, and the Knicks opening act at Madison Square Garden in New York. Verity raised $18 Million in 2018 to bring their safe, ultra-reliable autonomous drones and industry-changing technology to live events and commercial applications.
Throughout his academic and business career, Raff has collaborated with artists and engineers to create dynamic sculptures. He has exhibited his work at various international venues, including the Venice Biennale, Ars Electronica, the Smithsonian, and the Spoleto Festival. In addition, his work is in the permanent collections of the National Gallery of Canada (Robotic Chair, Table), the FRAC Centre in France (Flight Assembled Architecture), and the Heinz Nixdorf Museum in Germany (Blind Juggler).
Raffaello D'Andrea believes that we are on the cusp of making flying machines a part of daily life. In a presentation packed with live demonstrations of the latest robotic technology, he demonstrates his machines' extraordinary capabilities and the science that makes them possible.
From building six-meter tall walls to aerial package delivery, these machines are equipped with systems that allow them to autonomously learn and adjust to their environment. Of course, this technology has billions of dollars of business potential, but that's not what motivates Raff. "For folks like us, the real reward is the journey and the act of creation," he states. "It's a continual reminder of how wonderful and magical the universe we live in is, that it allows creative, clever creatures to sculpt it in such spectacular ways."
Inventor, scientist, and teacher Raffaello D’Andreas gives audiences a glimpse of the future by showing them the astounding technology that already exists today. In his unique programs enriched with visual aides, videos, and most importantly flying machines, audiences can see up close how autonomous learning systems (the key ingredient of Raff’s incredible flying machines) can achieve tasks individually and cooperatively.
An experienced presenter at general interest events like TED, Raff outlines how the technology flying around the venue works, the accelerating rate of development within the robotics industry, and the practical implications this holds for the near future – a future he believes will make our present look as primitive as the Medieval Ages.
Feedback Control and the Coming Machine Revolution We are at the cusp of a revolution: we can now create machines that adapt their behavior based on their environment and the results of their actions. The enablers for this revolution are sensing, communication, and computation technologies, innovative designs and novel mechanisms, and the feedback control algorithms that rule the machines. These creations will have unprecedented effects on our lives – some welcome, others not. In this talk, D’Andrea outlines how we got here, where we are going, and the consequences.
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